The evolution of nigeria from about 1849 until it attained independence in 1960 is largely the story of the transformational impact of the british on the peoples and cultures of the nigerbenue area. Founded 1963 although nigeria gained independence from the united kingdom on 1 october 1960, the nation retained the british monarch, elizabeth ii, as titular head of state until the adoption of a new constitution in 1963 declaring the nation a republic. The liquor act 59 of 2003 came into effect on august 2004. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 81 2 in the exercise of any powers under subsection 1 of this section any such body shall not confer powers or impose duties on any officer or authority of the federation except with the approval of the president. Many issues remained unresolved, especially the criteria for the division of revenue between the centre and the regions. Sir john macpherson was responsible for creating this constitution and its main highlight was the reported wide consultations with the different strata of the nigerian society before the constitution was created in 1951. Mar 17, 2016 history of nigerian constitutional development introduction. In the pre colonial times, it was usually the gods of.
An act to establish for nigeria, a federal capital territory and to provide for the constitution of a federal. So concerning nigeria, immediately after the first coup staged in nigeria on january 15, 1966 was successful, as usual, the 1963 republican constitution which was in use was suspended and this crushed the system of government parliamentary nigeria adopted. Recognizing that many years of military dictatorship in nigeria resulted in the gross erosion of fundamental human rights and the rule of law. As an electronic pdf softcopy, it will be delivered to you by email. Nigeria s first constitution as a sovereign state was enacted by a british order in council so as to come into force immediately upon independence, on 1 october 1960. Under this constitution nigeria retained queen elizabeth ii as titular head of state. Federal laws published on lawnigeria are accessible online for free.
The constitution, in nigeria s situation, is the supreme law of the land which all. That has been the journey so far of nigeria s constitution development, from the colonial era to the current 1999 edition, as amended. It is the fundamental and organic law of a nation or state that establishes. Alteration of the constitution a proposals for amendments to this constitution or dissolution see clause 11 must be delivered to the secretary in writing. Nigeria is one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign state to be known by the name of the federal republic of nigeria. The constitution of the peoples democratic party pdp.
There would be a nigerian president as the constitutional head of state and commanderinchief of the armed forces to replace the queen of england. When nigerian became an independent country in 1960, the independence constitution was enacted by a british order in council. Using the 1999 nigerian constitution as amended as the baseline, the change log of the subsequent constitutional amendments will be more meaningful. Nigerian president as ceremonial head of state replaced queen. The federal republic of nigeria which gained independence in 1960, after a long period of colonialism by the british government, has a remarkable constitutional development. Constitution of 29 may 1999, as amended by the first, second. Download the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of nigeria, as amended, free pdf copy for desktop and mobile. Model constitution company constitution of insert company name company adopted on 20 note 1.
According to the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria, these are the fundamental human rights. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria, 1979 military americanstyle presidential federal model with 19 states. This constitution shall have the force of law throughout nigeria and, subject to the provisions of section 4 of this constitution, if any other law including the constitution of a region is inconsistent with this constitution, this constitution shall prevail and the. Mar 09, 2020 continuation of the constitutional development in nigeria from 1914 till date the enactment of the richards constitution in 1946 boosted the level of constitutional development in nigeria. An act to establish for nigeria, a federal capital territory and to provide for the constitution of a federal capital development authority for exercising the various powers set out in this act, to execute other projects connected therewith, to provide for the laws applicable to that territory and for appeals. The 1999 nigeria constitution as amended is free for download for your use any time. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria financial. As nigeria joins the rest of the world to celebrate easter amid the global outbreak of coronavirus covid19, deputy president of the senate, senator ovie omoagege has called on the citiz. Examining environmental policies and laws in nigeria. The secretary in conjunction with all other officers shall then decide on the date of a forum meeting to discuss such proposals, giving at least four weeks 28 days clear notice. Features of the republican constitution of 1963 include. Mar 20, 2019 center for laws of the federation of nigeria. The nigerian independence constitution of 1960 oldnaija. Mar 09, 2018 arrangement of sections creation of federal capital territory for nigeria.
Founded 1963 although nigeria gained independence from the united kingdom on 1 october 1960, the nation retained the british monarch, elizabeth ii, as titular head of state until the adoption of a new constitution in 1963 declaring the nation a republic the name nigeria is derived from the word niger the name of the river that constitutes the most remarkable geographical feature of. This post contains the full list of parts and sections of the constitution that were amended by nigeria s national assembly. The constitution, in nigeria s situation, is the supreme law of the land which all acts of individuals and of parliament must not contravene. Under this constitution nigeria retained queen elizabeth ii. Laws of the federation of nigeria 2015 2019 lawnigeria. Development without authoritys approval prohibited. Section 20 of the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria contains the countrys environmental objectives that are meant, to protect and improve the environment and safeguard the water, air, land, forest and wildlife.
An analysis grace malachi brown, phd department of history and diplomatic studies faculty of humanities rivers state university of education pmb 5047, rumuolumeni port harcourt, rivers state nigeria. It provides maximum flexibility in the management and administration of companies. Pdf abstract this paper scrutinises against the background of the various experiences and attempts made at constitutional development in nigeria. This particular entity is the embodiment of sovereignty in that society. It came into effect on january 1, 1914 and has been amended a number of times including 1914, 1922, 1946. Constitutional development in nigeria from 1914 till date. Nevertheless, all constitutions can be divided into several types according to their characteristics. Article 2 1 this constitution is the supreme and fundamental law of liberia and its provisions shall have binding force and effect on all authorities and persons throughout the republic. Femi gbajabiamila has congratulated nigerian christians for marking this years easter. Just like every other country around the world, 1999 nigeria constitution is the organic and fundamental law of nigeria which is. Jan 10, 2017 we the people of the federal republic of nigeria, having firmly and solemnly resolved, to live in unity and harmony as one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign nation under god, dedicated to the promotion of interafrican solidarity, world peace, international cooperation and understanding and to provide for a constitution for the purpose of promoting the good government and welfare of all. The second nigerian republic was a brief formation of the nigerian state which succeeded the military governments formed after the overthrow of first republic. After the british government assumed direct control of the royal niger companys territories, the northern areas were renamed the protectorate of northern nigeria, and the land in the niger delta and along the lower reaches of the river was added to the niger coast protectorate, which was renamed the protectorate of southern nigeria.
You will need to provide your email address, where you want the constitution to be sent to. Promulgation of the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1999. Despite this seeming anomaly, nigerian courts are creations of the constitution and it is the constitution that donates the jurisdictional limits of the courts. Pray for nigeria, gbajabiamila urges christians 12042020 the speaker of the house of representatives rep. Constitution of the force there shall be an inspectorgeneral of the nigeria police, such number of deputy in spectorsgeneral, assistant inspectorsge neral as the nigeria police council considers appropriate, a commissioner for each state of the federation and such ranks as may, from time to time, be appointed by the nigeria police council. Contested elections and political turbulence in the western region ended nigeria s first republic in 1966 with the overthrow of the government by majors of the nigerian army. The constitutional development in nigeria from 1914 till date can be divided into two generation. Before proclamation, provincial liquor authorities were responsible for the regulation of all the value chain categories of the liquor industry. Free download 1999 nigeria constitution as amended pdf.
Establishment of federal capital development authority. The constitution of the peoples democratic party pdp preamble 1. Nigerias constitution of 1999 with amendments through 2011. T2, laws of the federation of nigeria, 2004 the act while the inclusion of wharf landing fees as one of the levies and taxes to be collected by the lga and lcda in the schedule conflicts with the provisions of the act hence, it is null and void to the extent of its inconsistency. But due to a vehement demand for intense autonomy, the richards constitution was interrupted in 1950. This interactive softcopy of the nigerian constitution as amended is a copy of the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of nigeria. In recognition of the need to protect her resources, nigeria has put in place a. History of nigerian constitutional development 1914 1960.
This act alters the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria, 1999 among other things, to provide for the financial independence of the national assembly and independent national electoral commission. Despite this seeming anomaly, nigerian courts are creations of the constitution and it is the constitution that donates the jurisdictional limits of. Introduction nigeria and nigerians have been caught in the frenzy of centenary celebration. A constitution is a collection of rules and regulation that govern or guide the actions of a country. Executive secretary and other staff of the authority. Federal capital territory act laws of the federation of nigeria.
This constitution firmly established the federal principle and paved the way for independence. This constitution is supreme and its provisions shall have binding force on the authorities and persons throughout the federal republic of nigeria. A confirmation email will be sent to the email address you provided. Get a fullyhyperlinked free pdf softcopy of the 1999 nigerian constitution, as amended. Customised and uptodate 2017 pdf compendium of the entire laws of the federation of nigeria updated to 2019 is available for a fee. Mar, 2017 this interactive softcopy of the nigerian constitution as amended is a copy of the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of nigeria. The constitution suspension and modification no5 decree of 1966 assorted the federal structure of nigeria and created not it called republic of nigeria and national military government in place of the federal military government, the various autonomous regime were abolished. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria, 1989 military modified presidential federal system, including mandatory twoparty system, 21 states, and greater local government autonomy. Features of the republican constitution of 1963 nigerian. Arrangement of sections creation of federal capital territory for nigeria.
The 1960 independence constitution provided for a democratic. The usa created their modified constitution in 1787, soon after gaining the independence from britain. If any other law is inconsistent with the provisions of this constitution, this constitution shall prevail, and that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. Supremacy of the constitution in every given human society, there is always a supreme entity whose provisions or dictates are final. History of nigerian constitutional development the jet lawyer. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria wipo. The legislative powers of the nigerian state were in an act of the british parliament and not that of the nigerian parliament till nigeria became a. The act establishing the constitution was passed by the nigerian parliament, instead of the british parliament. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria, 1999. Sir john macpherson was responsible for creating this constitution and its main highlight was the reported wide consultations with the different strata of the nigerian society before the constitution was created in 1951 also read. Constitution, to cause their public servants to leave office and to fill vacancies by regular elections and appointments. The constitution of sierra leone, 1991 the constitution of sierra leone, 1991 being an act to make provision for a new constitution of sierra leone, and for connected purposes 1 october, 1991 be it enacted by the president and members of parliament in this present parliament assembled, as follows. The constitution of the federation of nigeria arrangement of sections chapter i the federation and its territories section 1. Right to life every person has a right to life, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in execution of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty in nigeria section 33 of the 1999 constitution.
However, when nigeria gained her independence on october 1 st 1960, a home made constitution known as the independence constitution of 1960 was adopted which disposed the colonial 1954 lyttleton constitution, although it retained some of its features here are the main features of the nigerian independence constitution of 1960. Nigeria s constitution of 1999 with amendments through 2011. The federal republic of nigeria shall not be governed, nor shall any persons or group of persons take control of the government of nigeria or any part thereof. Constitution of nigeria 1999 wikisource, the free online. Constitution helps those in government to do their work and it also helps the citizens to know their duties and rights. The act provides for the manufacturing and distribution of liquor to be regulated at national level while. History of nigerian constitutional development the. This is a model form of constitution which has been prepared for private companies limited by shares. Federal capital territory act laws of the federation of.
The nigerian constitution of 1951 is the supreme law of the federal republic of nigeria. There would be a nigerian president as the constitutional head of state and commanderinchief of. While the nigerian constitution requires each house of the national assembly to. Features of the independence constitution of 1960 nigerian. It came into force on 1st of october,1963 nigeria s third anniversary as an independent nation. The constitution of nigeria is the supreme law of the federal republic of nigeria. The importance of a constitution in any given society cannot be overemphasized.
Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria pdf download. Nigerias federal legislative body, the national assembly, consists of two. The legislative powers of the nigerian state were in an act of the british parliament and not that of the nigerian parliament till nigeria became a republic in 1963. Having firmly and solemnly resolve, to live in unity and harmony as one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign nation under god, dedicated to the promotion of interafrican solidarity, world peace, international cooperation and understanding. Fundamental human rights in nigeria nigerian finder. Constitution and other dues or subscriptions as may be determined by the annual general meeting or the executive committee.349 1097 796 520 1341 1245 564 730 1070 1347 208 52 1042 653 1259 785 1013 599 1233 1170 167 172 189 1404 1498 480 476 223 649 1106 1319 972 1072 791 762 665 444 1247 142 1192 403 70 984 484 1332 915